Monday, March 30, 2020

8 Facts Revealing the Similarity of Mars to the Earth!

How similar is Mars to the Earth?

Earth and Mars have a lot in common. While Mars and Earth have similar terrain: Mars lacks a significant amount of water, oxygen, and atmospheric pressure necessary to support life. Compared to our planet, Mars has less mass and a smaller size. A little bigger than half of the world. Although we see Mars as a barren land, it is actually very similar to Earth. These interesting similarities reveal that life will be possible on Mars someday.

Four Seasons Are Experiencing Mars

There are four seasons on Mars like the world. Unlike Earth, which lasts three months each season, seasons are longer on Mars. Unlike what we have, a tour of Mars around the Sun takes 687 “Earth days”, not 365 days. So, a Mars year is almost two Earth years.

Mars Has Its Own Aurora

Colorful aurora lights are not just something unique to Earth. If conditions are favorable, an aurora can also appear on any planet. For example, Mars is one of these planets and has its own aurora. The coronal mass ejection from the Sun on September 11 was so strong that the particles formed a huge aurora over most of Mars’ surface. This solar event caused the whole of Mars to be illuminated with ultraviolet light.

A Day on Mars etc. A Day on Earth

One day is determined by how long a planet rotates on its axis. On planets that complete this period in a longer time, the day lasts longer. The length of a day varies greatly on every planet. Because all of them have different turning speeds around themselves. On earth, one day is 24 hours. It is 9 hours and 55 minutes in Jupiter. On Mars, it takes 24 hours and 40 minutes a day.

There is Water on Mars!

In 2008, NASA’s Mars Discovery Planet (MRO) discovered water flows on some slopes. This water is liquid only in summer, it is in the form of frost throughout the winter. The summer of Mars is much colder than the summer of Earth. The water on Mars is much more salty than on Earth. Since salt water has a lower freezing point than fresh water, the water on Mars is in the form of frost. An alternative theory is to create water after salt somehow comes into contact with ice. This may be true because salt melts ice.

Air Pressure Differences

The air pressure on Mars is 10% of the world. Plant scientists agree that plants can grow even at atmospheric pressure of 10%, so astronauts can be grown on inflatable Mars greenhouses! But it is not known how low gravity on Mars affects the growth of plants!

There is a Waterfall on Mars

By analyzing the images taken by NASA’s Mars Exploration Planet (MRO), the existence of a geological wonder resembling a waterfall on Earth was discovered. But the Mars waterfall is filled with molten lava!

Mars Living Planet

The planets in our solar system are classified as terrestrial planets or gas lavas. Terrestrial planets have a rocky surface. In places where the gas is dense, toxic gases do not allow to live! These regions lack a solid surface. The same is true for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Among the planets in the solar system, only the world supports life. All other planets want to kill us in a humorous way!

Plants Can Grow on Mars

Scientists succeeded in growing crops on the imitated Mars soil for the second time in their study. But this time, they mixed Mars soil with grass to increase the growth of the crop or feed the soil. They kind of fertilized. To imitate the chemistry of Mars soil, scientists used the soil provided by NASA and extracted from Hawaii volcanoes. It is stated that the components of this soil have similar characteristics to the Mars soil. According to researchers, up to 10 varieties of plants can be grown on this soil: tomatoes, rye, radishes, peas, leeks, spinach, arugula, cress, quinoa and chives. What more

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